CWD found for first time in Iowa at hunting preserve
Chronic Wasting Disease – Update 2012
Dee Clausen, Farm Deer Program Coordinator
Update - Iowa’s CWD Voluntary Program
There are 153 cervid herds currently enrolled in Iowa‘s CWD Program. Of these, 104 herds are whitetail deer, 32 herds are elk, 4 with deer and/elk species, 11 are county conservation boards premises and 2 are park/zoos. These herds have a total of 4,867 cervids that are enrolled in the program, with totals of 1,002 elk, 3,840 whitetail, 3 fallow deer, and 19 mule deer.
Iowa Intrastate Movement Requirements for Cervidae
66.14(1) All intrastate movements of Cervidae other than to a state or federally inspected slaughter establishment shall be accompanied by an intrastate movement certificate of veterinary inspection signed by a licensed, accredited veterinarian.
Movement of CWD susceptible Cervidae, other than direct movement to slaughter, shall only be allowed from herds that have been enrolled in the Iowa CWD monitoring program and have successfully completed at least one year. (CWD susceptible species include white tail deer, elk, mule deer, red deer and moose) Iowa Import Requirements for Cervidae CWD susceptible Cervidae shall only be allowed into Iowa from herds which have satisfactorily completed at least five years in an officially recognized CWD monitoring program. However, Cervidae originating from an area considered to be endemic to chronic wasting disease shall not be allowed entry into Iowa. Cervidae that originate from a herd that has had animal introductions from an area endemic to chronic wasting disease during the preceding five years shall not be allowed entry into Iowa. A permit number must be issued by Iowa‘s State Veterinarian prior to movement. For further import requirements, refer to CWD Rule 21—65.12(163) posted on IDALS website, or contact the Department of Agriculture at 515/281-8236.
In 2011, Iowa permitted in from out of state 193 whitetail deer and 43 elk.
All cervidae leaving Iowa must meet the state of destinations‘ entry requirements prior to movement. USDA Tuberculosis Testing (Cervidae) All veterinarians must be accredited and cervid species certified by USDA to do TB testing on cervidae. Please contact the Federal Office if you have any questions regarding TB at 515/284-4140. Iowa Brucellosis Requirements (Cervidae) Please contact the State Office if you have any questions regarding Brucellosis at 515/281-8236.
USDA sent out a memo in September, 2011 that there will no longer be funding available to pay for CWD testing of farmed cervids as of December 31st, 2011. Cervid owners in the Iowa voluntary CWD program will now be charged for routine CWD testing. Accredited Veterinarians will still be pulling samples and sending them to an approved CWD lab. If you would like a listing of labs surrounding Iowa performing CWD testing, please contact Dee Clausen . The National Veterinary Services Laboratory will still be conducting CWD testing and requests that the obex be submitted in formalin, one medial retropharyngeal lymph node submitted in formalin, and the other medial retropharyngeal lymph node fresh in a whirl pack on ice. It is Iowa‘s CWD Program requirements for submission of the obex as well as the medial retropharyngeal nodes on all captive elk and deer 16 months and older that have died or been slaughtered. The VS-10-4 form required for laboratory submissions must be completely filled in, showing all forms of identification, mailed with the specimen submission and a copy of the VS 10-4 form faxed to the State Veterinarian‘s office at 515/281-4282. Contact Information:
Dee Clausen, Farm Deer Program Coordinator
Iowa's Voluntary Chronic Wasting Disease Surveillance Program
What Is The Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship, Bureau of Animal Industry Doing About CWD?
The Iowa Department of Agriculture has initiated the voluntary CWD Surveillance Inventory Program which requires CWD surveillance, reporting, and testing of those farmed cervidae 16 months of age and older that dies
from any cause. Before any cervidae is imported into the state it must have a health certificate, permit, meeting Iowa’s import requirements, (link) including a review of the herd history. Cervidae permitted entry into the state will be quarantined to the premises of destination and held in isolation until inspected by a departmental representative
Since the start of the CWD surveillance program in 2000, the farmed cervid producers have submitted over 1,300 brain samples for CWD testing; no positives have been identified in Iowa. If CWD is diagnosed in a farmed cervid, the farm would be quarantined and the disease eradicated using recommended disease control strategies. The threat of CWD is a serious concern to Iowa and the cervidae industry. All practical steps to minimize the risk of the disease spreading to Iowa are being taken.
Requirements for the Iowa CWD Program include annual inventory reconciliation recorded by a State District Veterinarian within 90 days of the CWD anniversary date. Inventory requirements are:
1) Records shall be kept to document the history/accountability of all animals in the herd. This includes identification, date of birth and sex of all animals born or received on the premise.
2) All animals must have two forms of official identification which are outlined in the Rules under 64.104 Definitions “Official Cervid Identification”.
3) A copy of a health certificate (CVI) properly filled out and signed by an accredited veterinarian shall be kept to document movement in or out of the herd.
4) Surveillance will be maintained by collecting and submitting appropriate samples from all cases of mortality, including slaughter, in animals 16 months of age and older, keeping copies of the laboratory reports.
The CWD Program herd producers upon satisfactory completion of their annual inventories will receive a letter of status verification, and also a billfold size certificate card with their herd’s status, anniversary date, and expiration date.
IAC Ch 115, p.1
571—115.10(81GA,SF206) Positive chronic wasting disease test results. A positive test result for chronic wasting disease will result in a minimum of a five-year quarantine on the preserve and all remaining animals located within the infected preserve. No animal movement in or out of the preserve shall occur during the quarantine period. The preserve operator, the operator’s veterinarian if requested, and a designated epidemiologist shall develop a plan for eradicating chronic wasting disease in each affected herd. The plan must be designed to reduce and then eliminate chronic wasting disease from the herd; to prevent the spread of the disease to other herds, both privately owned and wild; and to prevent reintroduction of chronic wasting disease after the herd is released from quarantine. The herd plan must be developed and signed within 30 days after the determination that the herd is infected. The plan must be formalized as a memorandum of agreement between the preserve operator, the department and the state veterinarian’s office. Disposal of infected animals must be in accordance with 571—104.11(481A). Premises must be cleaned and disinfected under department supervision within 15 days after affected animals have been removed.
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