Sunday, June 22, 2014

Governor Nixon Missouri Urged to VETO Legislation turning over captive shooting pens to USDA

Messages seek to sway Gov. Nixon on Missouri deer


 21 hours ago • By CHRIS BLANK Associated Press


 JEFFERSON CITY • Messages urging Gov. Jay Nixon to veto Missouri legislation dealing with deer are far outnumbering those calling for him to sign the bills.


A few hundred letters and electronic messages have reached Nixon amid disagreement over proposed regulations for deer breeders and hunting preserves.


Missouri lawmakers passed legislation this year that would classify captive deer as livestock, giving the Agriculture Department oversight of the industry. Currently, the Agriculture and Conservation departments are both involved with overseeing facilities, and conservation officials have proposed rules they say are needed to combat chronic wasting disease. The deer industry contends the rules are unnecessary and would force operators out of business.


 More than five times as many messages called for Nixon to veto the legislation as urged him to sign, based upon a review of correspondence by the Associated Press.


Nixon faces a mid-July deadline to take action. A spokesman said the governor has not yet decided what he will do.


Many people calling for a veto said conservation officials are best suited for managing deer and expressed concern about what would happen if chronic wasting disease spreads. The disease affects deer, and conservation officials report that there have been 11 confirmed cases in captive deer in Missouri and 10 cases in wild deer. The Conservation Commission endorsed regulations this month that include a ban on importing deer from other states and requiring double-fencing for new permit-holders. A 30-day public comment period will begin July 16.


David Davis, a hunter, said the idea of eliminating an agency’s involvement with deer facilities rubbed him the wrong way. Davis lives in the north-central Missouri town of Brookfield, which is within Missouri’s chronic wasting disease containment zone.


Davis wrote to Nixon that he has “witnessed the devastating effects of this disease on both the deer herd and the local community/economy. I believe that we need to have strict regulations on businesses dealing with captive wildlife ...”


Owners of Missouri deer facilities said the legislation would help them stay in business. Operators from other states also voiced support.


Donald Hill wrote that complying with the fencing requirement could cost more than $1 million. He said “our deer are disease-free” and that the proposed regulations would put him out of business. Hill said he is a significant employer in central Missouri’s Osage County and that transferring oversight completely to the Agriculture Department “will help keep my business alive.”








Michigan 2005 237 captive shooting pens not in compliance


March 2005 DNR Audit


37 % or 237 captive pens not in compliance.


96% that died were not tested for CWD, as was required.


700 captive pens had inadequate fencing.


tranquilizing target deer...


Measuring antlers to verify scores for record book.


Scooping up with front in loading tractor, and dumping into small 3 to 5 acre pen to be shot for up to $20,000.00


how did the fix the problem, turned the DNR over to the USDA et al, problem solved...


‘’The rich...who are content to buy what they have not the skill to get by their own exertions, these are the real enemies of game’’


Theodore Roosevelt’s Principles of the Hunt



 Wednesday, September 04, 2013


***cwd - cervid captive livestock escapes, loose and on the run in the wild...



”The occurrence of CWD must be viewed against the contest of the locations in which it occurred. It was an incidental and unwelcome complication of the respective wildlife research programmes. Despite it’s subsequent recognition as a new disease of cervids, therefore justifying direct investigation, no specific research funding was forthcoming. The USDA veiwed it as a wildlife problem and consequently not their province!” 26.



Sunday, January 06, 2013




*** "it‘s no longer its business.”



Monday, June 24, 2013


The Effects of Chronic Wasting Disease on the Pennsylvania Cervid Industry Following its Discovery



New studies on the heat resistance of hamster-adapted scrapie agent: Threshold survival after ashing at 600°C suggests an inorganic template of replication



Prion Infected Meat-and-Bone Meal Is Still Infectious after Biodiesel Production



Detection of protease-resistant cervid prion protein in water from a CWD-endemic area



A Quantitative Assessment of the Amount of Prion Diverted to Category 1 Materials and Wastewater During Processing



Rapid assessment of bovine spongiform encephalopathy prion inactivation by heat treatment in yellow grease produced in the industrial manufacturing process of meat and bone meals



PPo4-4: Survival and Limited Spread of TSE Infectivity after Burial



Monday, May 05, 2014


Member Country details for listing OIE CWD 2013 against the criteria of Article 1.2.2., the Code Commission recommends consideration for listing



Program Standards: Chronic Wasting Disease Herd Certification Program and Interstate Movement of Farmed or Captive Deer, Elk, and Moose DOCUMENT ID: APHIS-2006-0118-0411


***Singeltary submission




*** The potential impact of prion diseases on human health was greatly magnified by the recognition that interspecies transfer of BSE to humans by beef ingestion resulted in vCJD. While changes in animal feed constituents and slaughter practices appear to have curtailed vCJD, there is concern that CWD of free-ranging deer and elk in the U.S. might also cross the species barrier. Thus, consuming venison could be a source of human prion disease. Whether BSE and CWD represent interspecies scrapie transfer or are newly arisen prion diseases is unknown. Therefore, the possibility of transmission of prion disease through other food animals cannot be ruled out. There is evidence that vCJD can be transmitted through blood transfusion. There is likely a pool of unknown size of asymptomatic individuals infected with vCJD, and there may be asymptomatic individuals infected with the CWD equivalent.


***These circumstances represent a potential threat to blood, blood products, and plasma supplies.



*** These results would seem to suggest that CWD does indeed have zoonotic potential, at least as judged by the compatibility of CWD prions and their human PrPC target. Furthermore, extrapolation from this simple in vitro assay suggests that if zoonotic CWD occurred, it would most likely effect those of the PRNP codon 129-MM genotype and that the PrPres type would be similar to that found in the most common subtype of sCJD (MM1).



Saturday, April 19, 2014


Exploring the zoonotic potential of animal prion diseases: In vivo and in vitro approaches



Sunday, May 18, 2014


Chronic Wasting Disease CWD TSE PRION DISEASE and the transmission to other species



Tuesday, May 27, 2014


New Missouri CWD regulations... You know where we stand... What are your thoughts?



spreading cwd around...tss


Between 1996 and 2002, chronic wasting disease was diagnosed in 39 herds of farmed elk in Saskatchewan in a single epidemic. All of these herds were depopulated as part of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency’s (CFIA) disease eradication program. Animals, primarily over 12 mo of age, were tested for the presence CWD prions following euthanasia. Twenty-one of the herds were linked through movements of live animals with latent CWD from a single infected source herd in Saskatchewan, 17 through movements of animals from 7 of the secondarily infected herds.


***The source herd is believed to have become infected via importation of animals from a game farm in South Dakota where CWD was subsequently diagnosed (7,4). A wide range in herd prevalence of CWD at the time of herd depopulation of these herds was observed. Within-herd transmission was observed on some farms, while the disease remained confined to the introduced animals on other farms.



spreading cwd around...tss


Friday, May 13, 2011


Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) outbreaks and surveillance program in the Republic of Korea Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) outbreaks and surveillance program in the Republic of Korea


Hyun-Joo Sohn, Yoon-Hee Lee, Min-jeong Kim, Eun-Im Yun, Hyo-Jin Kim, Won-Yong Lee, Dong-Seob Tark, In- Soo Cho, Foreign Animal Disease Research Division, National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service, Republic of Korea


Chronic wasting disease (CWD) has been recognized as an important prion disease in native North America deer and Rocky mountain elks. The disease is a unique member of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), which naturally affects only a few species. CWD had been limited to USA and Canada until 2000.


On 28 December 2000, information from the Canadian government showed that a total of 95 elk had been exported from farms with CWD to Korea. These consisted of 23 elk in 1994 originating from the so-called “source farm” in Canada, and 72 elk in 1997, which had been held in pre export quarantine at the “source farm”.Based on export information of CWD suspected elk from Canada to Korea, CWD surveillance program was initiated by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) in 2001.


All elks imported in 1997 were traced back, however elks imported in 1994 were impossible to identify. CWD control measures included stamping out of all animals in the affected farm, and thorough cleaning and disinfection of the premises. In addition, nationwide clinical surveillance of Korean native cervids, and improved measures to ensure reporting of CWD suspect cases were implemented.


Total of 9 elks were found to be affected. CWD was designated as a notifiable disease under the Act for Prevention of Livestock Epidemics in 2002.


Additional CWD cases - 12 elks and 2 elks - were diagnosed in 2004 and 2005.


Since February of 2005, when slaughtered elks were found to be positive, all slaughtered cervid for human consumption at abattoirs were designated as target of the CWD surveillance program. Currently, CWD laboratory testing is only conducted by National Reference Laboratory on CWD, which is the Foreign Animal Disease Division (FADD) of National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service (NVRQS).


In July 2010, one out of 3 elks from Farm 1 which were slaughtered for the human consumption was confirmed as positive. Consequently, all cervid – 54 elks, 41 Sika deer and 5 Albino deer – were culled and one elk was found to be positive. Epidemiological investigations were conducted by Veterinary Epidemiology Division (VED) of NVRQS in collaboration with provincial veterinary services.


Epidemiologically related farms were found as 3 farms and all cervid at these farms were culled and subjected to CWD diagnosis. Three elks and 5 crossbreeds (Red deer and Sika deer) were confirmed as positive at farm 2.


All cervids at Farm 3 and Farm 4 – 15 elks and 47 elks – were culled and confirmed as negative.


Further epidemiological investigations showed that these CWD outbreaks were linked to the importation of elks from Canada in 1994 based on circumstantial evidences.


In December 2010, one elk was confirmed as positive at Farm 5. Consequently, all cervid – 3 elks, 11 Manchurian Sika deer and 20 Sika deer – were culled and one Manchurian Sika deer and seven Sika deer were found to be positive. This is the first report of CWD in these sub-species of deer. Epidemiological investigations found that the owner of the Farm 2 in CWD outbreaks in July 2010 had co-owned the Farm 5.


In addition, it was newly revealed that one positive elk was introduced from Farm 6 of Jinju-si Gyeongsang Namdo. All cervid – 19 elks, 15 crossbreed (species unknown) and 64 Sika deer – of Farm 6 were culled, but all confirmed as negative.


: Corresponding author: Dr. Hyun-Joo Sohn (+82-31-467-1867, E-mail: 2011 Pre-congress Workshop: TSEs in animals and their environment 5





Friday, May 13, 2011


Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) outbreaks and surveillance program in the Republic of Korea



how many states have $465,000., and can quarantine and purchase there from, each cwd said infected farm, but how many states can afford this for all the cwd infected cervid game ranch type farms ???


Tuesday, December 20, 2011




*** The CWD infection rate was nearly 80%, the highest ever in a North American captive herd.


*** RECOMMENDATION: That the Board approve the purchase of 80 acres of land for $465,000 for the Statewide Wildlife Habitat Program in Portage County and approve the restrictions on public use of the site.






October 11, 2013


Protecting Missouri's White-Tailed Deer fill out the questionnaire ;



Friday, September 20, 2013


Missouri State records show gaps in oversight of captive deer farms, ranches



Sunday, June 09, 2013


Missouri House forms 13-member Interim Committee on the Cause and Spread of Chronic Wasting Disease CWD



Tuesday, March 26, 2013


CWD Missouri remains confined to Linn-Macon-County Core Area with four new cases



Wednesday, January 23, 2013


Missouri sixth case CWD documented northwest Macon County



Tuesday, January 24, 2012


CWD found in two free-ranging deer from Macon County Missouri



Friday, February 26, 2010


Chronic wasting disease found in Missouri deer



Sunday, March 25, 2012


Three more cases of CWD found in free-ranging deer in Macon County



From: Terry S. Singeltary Sr.


Sent: Thursday, March 29, 2012 6:26 PM




Cc: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;


Subject: re-Missouri officials seek states' advice on chronic wasting disease in deer



Thursday, May 31, 2012


Missouri MDC staff will provide information on five recently found cases of CWD in free-ranging deer in northwest Macon County June 2, 2012



Wednesday, September 05, 2012


Missouri MDC seeks hunters’ help when processing harvested deer and preventing CWD



Thursday, December 20, 2012


MISSOURI Initial CWD sampling test results available online from MDC so far one adult buck has tested positive for the disease



Friday, October 21, 2011


Chronic Wasting Disease Found in Captive Deer Missouri October 20, 2011


Chronic Wasting Disease Found in Captive Deer


The Missouri departments of Agriculture, Conservation and Health and Senior Services and the U.S. Department of Agriculture announced that a captive white-tailed deer in Macon County, Missouri has tested positive for Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD). CWD is a neurological disease found in deer, elk and moose.




The animal that tested positive for CWD was a captive white-tailed deer inspected as part of the State's CWD surveillance and testing program. Preliminary tests were conducted by the USDA National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, Iowa.




In February 2010 a case of CWD was confirmed in Linn County on a captive hunting preserve operated by the same entity, Heartland Wildlife Ranches, LLC. The Linn County facility was depopulated and no further infection was identified at that facility. The current case was identified through increased surveillance required by the management plan implemented from the previous CWD incident.





Friday, October 21, 2011


Chronic Wasting Disease Found in Captive Deer Missouri



The Missouri Department of Agriculture discovers the state's first case of CWD in a captive white-tailed deer.



Friday, February 26, 2010


Chronic wasting disease found in Missouri deer February 25, 2010


Chronic Wasting Disease Found in Captive Deer


The Missouri Departments of Agriculture, Conservation and Health and Senior Services and the U.S. Department of Agriculture announced today that a captive white-tailed deer in Linn County, Missouri has tested positive for Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD). CWD is a neurological disease found in deer, elk and moose.


"There is no evidence that CWD poses a risk to domestic animals or humans," said State Veterinarian Dr. Taylor Woods. "We have protocols in place to quickly and effectively handle these situations."


The animal that tested positive for CWD was a white-tailed deer inspected as part of the State's CWD surveillance and testing program. Preliminary tests were conducted by the USDA National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, Iowa.


Upon receiving the confirmed CWD positive, Missouri's departments of Agriculture, Conservation and Health and Senior Services initiated their CWD Contingency Plan. The plan was developed in 2002 by the Cervid Health Committee, a task force comprised of veterinarians, animal health officers and conservation officers from USDA, MDA, MDC and DHSS working together to mitigate challenges associated with CWD.


CWD is transmitted by live animal to animal contact or soil to animal contact. The disease was first recognized in 1967 in captive mule deer in the Colorado Division of Wildlife captive wildlife research facility in Fort Collins, Colorado. CWD has been documented in deer and/or elk in Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and the Canadian Provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. There has been no evidence that the disease can be transmitted to humans.


"Missouri's proactive steps to put a testing protocol in place and create a contingency plan years ago is proving beneficial. We are in a solid position to follow pre-established steps to ensure Missouri's valuable whitetail deer resource remains healthy and strong," said Jason Sumners Missouri's Deer Biologist.


For more information regarding CWD, please contact Dr. Taylor Woods at (573) 751-3377.




Thursday, May 01, 2014


Missouri DNR CWD prevention and captive cervid farming Update





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