Tuesday, February 25, 2014

Test results provide current snapshot of CWD in south-central Wisconsin Dane and Eastern Iowa counties Prevalence has increased in all categories

Test results provide current snapshot of CWD in south-central Wisconsin Dane and Eastern Iowa counties Prevalence has increased in all categories


Weekly News Published - February 25, 2014


Test results provide current snapshot of CWD in south-central Wisconsin


MADISON - Through 12 years of ongoing surveillance efforts, Department of Natural Resources officials are able to maintain a current picture of trends and prevalence of chronic wasting disease within the area previously known as the CWD management zone [PDF] in southern Wisconsin.


Based on 2013 test results for the western monitoring area, encompassing western Dane and Eastern Iowa counties where sampling has been occurring annually since the disease was discovered, current prevalence is near 25 percent for adult male white-tailed deer, 10 percent for adult female deer, about 7 percent in yearling males and about 6 percent in yearling females. Prevalence has increased in all categories.


"Sampling deer from these areas where there has been long-term monitoring of disease patterns is important to understanding the dynamics of this disease," said Tami Ryan, DNR Wildlife Health section chief. "Prevalence has been increasing as expected, and we continue to find that prevalence is higher in males than females and higher in adults than yearlings."


For 2013, DNR staff tested deer from within and outside of the CWD-MZ in south central and southeastern Wisconsin. The sampling strategies were aimed at detecting changes in the location and trends in prevalence of the disease. Monitoring plans focused surveillance on adult deer, which are most likely to have the disease.


Beginning in 2014, with the approval of the Deer Trustee Report rule package, DNR will have a new funding source available beginning this fall to provide hunter service testing statewide. The funding comes from having the authority to apply $5 from each additional antlerless deer permit sale in CWD-affected counties towards CWD testing and monitoring.


"Prior to this change, DNR received no money from additional permits sales. We are pleased to now have a consistent funding stream for CWD testing and monitoring," said Ryan.


Also emerging from the rule is the Deer Management Assistance Program and the formation of county deer committees, both of which give DNR flexibility to work locally to develop cooperative approaches to disease surveillance and management.


"It's important to be able to work cooperatively with hunters and landowners, as their participation is essential to CWD surveillance," said Ryan. "It's also very important that we connect with the local communities so they can stay informed on deer disease and DNR's approach to monitoring. They are also the conduit for public sentiment, sharing information with us in addition to taking information back to their community."


More information on CWD or details on 2013 sampling and prevalence is available at dnr.wi.gov, search keyword "CWD."


FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACT: Tami Ryan, DNR Wildlife Health section chief, 608-266-3143



2008-2013 Chronic Wasting Disease Management Zones






*** As of Feb. 6, 2014 all baiting and feeding of deer must stop in both Waupaca and Shawano counties, due to the discovery of a CWD-positive white-tailed deer in November within a 10-mile radius of those counties.



Feeding deer banned in Shawano and Waupaca counties


News Release Published: February 6, 2014 by the Central Office


Contact(s): Jeff Pritzl, Northeast District Wildlife Supervisor, (920) 662-5127


MADISON - The baiting and feeding of white-tailed deer is now banned in Waupaca and Shawano counties, the state Department of Natural Resources reports.


The ban, required by state law, went into effect today. The action was spurred by the discovery of a CWD-positive white-tailed deer in November on a privately owned captive deer farm in Marathon County. Implementation was delayed to avoid interference with deer hunting during the ongoing 2013 deer season at the time of discovery.


Shawano and Waupaca counties are within a 10-mile radius of the Marathon County property on which this CWD-positive captive deer was found. State law requires that counties within a 10-mile radius of a game farm or free-ranging CWD-positive are included in the baiting and feeding prohibition.


The baiting and feeding of deer is now banned in 35 of Wisconsin's 72 counties.


"We understand that this may be disappointing news to some who use bait for deer hunting or are feeding deer for enjoyment or because they are seeking to help them through this winter," said Jeff Pritzl, DNR wildlife supervisor for northeast Wisconsin.


"Supplemental winter feeding of deer unnecessarily increases the risk of spreading CWD and other diseases by concentrating deer activity at one spot. Long-term herd health is important to preserving our great hunting tradition. It is a foundation of tourism and vital to local businesses. This outweighs any possible benefit to individual deer or deer watchers provided by feeding."


For more information search the DNR website for "baiting and feeding regulations."


Individuals can still feed birds and small mammals provided the feeding devices are at a sufficient height or are otherwise designed to prevent access by deer and the feeding device is within 50 yards of a human dwelling. This ban does not affect the use of bait for hunting bear or training bear dogs.


Learn more about CWD at knowcwd.com or go to the DNR website dnr.wi.gov search the keyword "CWD."


A map of affected counties and rule specifics are on the department's Web site.



Prevalence & surveillance


Since 2002, chronic wasting disease (CWD) prevalence within our western monitoring area has shown an overall increasing trend in all sex and age classes.

***During the past 12 years, the trend in prevalence in adult males has __risen__ from 8-10 percent to nearly 25 percent, and in adult females from about 3-4 percent to more than 10 percent.

*** During that same time, the prevalence trend in yearling males has __increased__ from about 2 percent to about 7 percent and in yearling females from roughly 2 percent to about 6 percent...


CWD Deer Testing Results by Deer Management Unit (DMU)




see DMU 70A-CWD infection rate ;







Monday, December 02, 2013





Tuesday, December 17, 2013


Wisconsin Second CWD positive deer found in Grant County Second CWD positive deer found in Grant County


News Release Published: December 16, 2013 by the South Central Region


Contact(s): Tami Ryan, DNR wildlife health, 608-266-3143 Don Bates, CWD operations. 608- 935-1947 Bob Manwell DNR communications, 608-275-3317


MADISON, Wis. -- A second deer in Grant County from outside the current chronic wasting disease management zone has tested positive for the disease. The 1.5-year-old buck was killed and registered Nov. 24.


The most recent CWD-positive deer was harvested near the center of the county about 7.5 miles from the border of the CWD management zone and about four miles from the first positive which was buck shot during the 2012 season.


“This is why we have focused surveillance around the fringes of the CWD management zone, to better understand the distribution of the disease and identify the presence of the disease in periphery areas,” said Don Bates, DNR CWD operations supervisor. “Based on the 2012 positive deer, and what is known about the disease and how it spreads, finding another CWD-positive outside the current zone boundary was not unexpected.”


This is the third year that DNR has focused surveillance around the boundaries of the existing CWD management zone. Sampling of deer is voluntary in these areas and in Grant County, DNR partners with private businesses to collect samples.


“We thank all hunters who brought in deer for voluntary CWD testing during the nine-day gun season and the businesses that helped us collect samples,” Bates said. “This cooperation is essential to achieving our goal of detecting trends in prevalence and distribution of the disease.”


This second positive does not change any remaining hunting seasons nor does it change the current CWD management zone boundary. Baiting and feeding of deer is already banned in the county and will continue to be illegal.


For more information on CWD in Wisconsin, and to view CWD management zone maps, please visit dnr.wi.gov and search keyword “CWD.”





 Tuesday, December 17, 2013


Wisconsin Second CWD positive deer found in Grant County



Monday, December 02, 2013




CWD-positive White-tailed Deer Found on Marathon County Hunting Preserve


Date: December 2, 2013 Contact: Raechelle Cline, 608-224-5005 or Jim Dick, Communications Director, 608-224-5020


MADISON – For the first time in five years, a white-tailed deer on a hunting preserve has tested positive for chronic wasting disease (CWD), State Veterinarian Dr. Paul McGraw announced today. This latest case was found in Marathon County.


The National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) in Ames, Iowa, reported the final test results back to the state. The animal was a 5-year-old male and was one of about 370 deer in the 351-acre preserve.


The deer was killed on November 4. Samples were taken on November 7 in accordance with Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection’s (DATCP’s) rules, which require testing of farm-raised deer and elk when they die, go to slaughter or are killed. The sample originally tested positive at a regional laboratory and required a confirmatory test at the NVSL. The DATCP Animal Health Division’s investigation will look at the animal’s history and trace movements of deer onto and off the property to determine whether other herds may have been exposed to the CWD test-positive deer.


McGraw quarantined the preserve and the other three registered farms owned by the same entity immediately, which stops movement of live deer from the property, except to slaughter or to their hunting preserves. The business will be allowed to conduct hunts on the quarantined preserves, because properly handled dead animals leaving the premises do not pose a disease risk.


This is the first new CWD test-positive deer on a Wisconsin farm since October 2008.


Since CWD was discovered in Wisconsin in February 2002, there were eighty-two cases from a single Portage county farm that was depopulated in 2006. The remaining 15 cases were discovered over a six-year period from 2002 to 2008 on eight farms and hunting preserves. One of the infected animals was an elk; the rest have been white-tailed deer. Since 1998, more than 35,700 farm-raised deer and elk have been tested for CWD.









The 5-year-old buck was killed Nov. 4 at the Wilderness Game Farm Inc., a hunting ranch in the Eland area, said Raechelle Cline, public information officer for the state Division of Animal Health.


The buck was one of about 370 deer in the 351-acre preserve, said State Veterinarian Dr. Paul McGraw.


Chronic wasting disease, or CWD, is considered a major threat to Wisconsin’s hunting industry because it can spread from animal to animal and has been known to devastate herds in other states. In Wisconsin, CWD is confirmed to have killed fewer than 100 deer, almost all of them on game farms.



Monday, December 02, 2013





Sunday, November 03, 2013


Wisconsin Second CWD deer found in Portage County



Wisconsin : 436 Deer Have Escaped From Farms to Wild


Date: March 18, 2003 Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel snip...


Sunday, November 03, 2013


Wisconsin Second CWD deer found in Portage County


Second CWD deer found in Portage County


News Release


Published: November 1, 2013 by the Northwest Region Contact(s): Kris Johansen, DNR area wildlife supervisor, 715-284-1430; Ed Culhane,


DNR communications, 715-781-1683 WISCONSIN RAPIDS – A deer harvested by a bow hunter in southeast Portage County has tested positive for chronic wasting disease, the state Department of Natural Resources reports. This is the second CWD-positive wild deer found in the county. Wildlife biologists in central Wisconsin now are asking bow hunters to assist with increased surveillance for the disease in four separate areas where positives have been confirmed outside the CWD management zone.


CWD is contagious and fatal for deer, elk and moose. “Last fall CWD was discovered for the first time in three wild, white-tailed deer in Adams, Juneau and Portage counties” said DNR area wildlife supervisor Kris Johansen. “Now we have a second positive in a different area of Portage County. To better define the geographic extent of CWD in central Wisconsin, we are focusing additional surveillance around each of these four locations.”


The latest CWD positive deer was harvested Oct. 6 just northwest of Almond in Portage County.


To view where the surveillance focus areas are located, hunters can go to the DNR website and enter “CWD registration” in the key word search, then click on “CWD registration and sampling.” On this page – http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/wildlifehabitat/registersample.html – detailed maps show the precise location of these surveillance circles for the first three positives, the ones in Adams and Juneau counties and the first find in Portage County, located in the northwest corner of the county.


There is also a map showing the two Portage County locations. A new map, showing the precise surveillance area for the fourth positive, in southeast Portage County, will be added to the web page as soon as it is prepared. This page also links to a list of cooperating taxidermists and meat processors where samples can be collected.


The DNR is asking hunters to work with these cooperators to have head and lymph node samples from adult deer – harvested within the four focus areas – removed for testing. To have the sample removed, the hunter can bring the whole deer to one of the listed cooperators or just remove the head with at least three inches of neck attached and bring that in for sampling.


“Please call ahead to set up an appointment,” Johansen said. “These are private business operators who are helping us out, and we want to respect their time and their schedules.” This list will be updated online as new cooperators join the surveillance effort:


• Wisconsin River Meats, N5340 County HH, Mauston 608-847-7413


• A&B Butchering, 6971 Hwy 34, Rudolph 715-435-3893


• Strickly Wild Processing, 140 Buffalo St, Wisconsin Rapids 715-421-0587


• Hartnell's Wild Game Processing, 1925 Cypress Ave., Arkdale 608-339-7288


• Trevor Athens Taxidermy, 982 15th Ave., Arkdale 608-547-6117


• Tall Tines Taxidermy, N2621 Cassidy Road, Mauston 608-547-0818


• Todd's Wildlife Taxidermy, N2148 State 58, Mauston 608-847-7693


• Vollmer Taxidermy, 3631 Plover Road, Plover 715-345-1934


• Field and Stream Taxidermy, 217 S. Front St., Coloma 608-547-1565


• DNR Service Center, 473 Griffith Ave., Wisconsin Rapids 715-421-7813


• Mead Wildlife Area, S2148 County S, Milladore 715-457-6771


• Adams Ranger Station, 532 N. Adams St., Adams 608-339-4819


• Almond Market, 111 Main St., Almond 715-366-2002


Hunters may also have deer from any of the four focus areas tested for CWD by contacting one of these DNR offices:


• Mead Wildlife Area headquarters, S2148 County S, Milladore – 715-457-6771


• WI Rapids Service Center, 473 Griffith Avenue, Wisconsin Rapids – 715-421-7813


• Adams-Friendship Ranger Station, 532 N. Main Street, Adams – 608-339-4819


On the weekends or during warm periods, hunters should remove the deer head with at least three inches of neck attached, freeze the head and then contact the DNR to arrange a drop off. DNR staff will also collect samples from hunter-harvested deer on the opening weekend of the gun deer season. Collection stations and hours will be published prior to the gun deer season. The CWD tests are free to hunters. Each person who submits a head for testing will receive lab results within three or four weeks. http://dnr.wi.gov/news/BreakingNews_Lookup.asp?id=2996







Stop the madness: CWD threatens Wisconsin's elk, deer and, ultimately, people.


15 July 00


The Isthmus magazine By BRIAN McCOMBIE


Imagine a disease worse than AIDS rippling through Wisconsin's deer herd. One that's always fatal, cannot be tested for in live animals, and has the chance of spreading to anyone who eats the infected venison. Sound like the premise for Michael Crichton's next apocalyptic thriller?


Unfortunately, such a disease already exists in epidemic levels in the wilds of Colorado and Wyoming. It's infected some game farms, too, and Wisconsin game farmers have imported more than 350 elk with the potential for this disease, including elk from farms known to be infected.


"If most people knew what kind of risk this disease poses to free-ranging deer in the state, they'd be very concerned," says Dr. Sarah Hurley, Lands Division administrator for the Department of Natural Resources. The DNR is now testing free-ranging deer around these game farms for the disease: "We're focusing our energies on those areas where we think there's the greatest possibility of transmission."


The malady the DNR's looking for is chronic wasting disease (CWD)--better known, to the extent it is known at all, as mad elk disease. It's a form of the mad cow disease that devastated Britain's cattle industry in the 1980s, scared the bejesus out of the populace, and is believed to have killed at least 70 people to date. An elk or deer with CWD can be listless, may walk in circles, will lose weight and interact progressively less with fellow animals.


The corresponding human affliction is called Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (pronounced Croytz-feld Yawkob) or CJD. People with CJD experience symptoms similar to Alzheimer's, including memory loss and depression, followed by rapidly progressive dementia and death, usually within one year. While CJD is rare (literally one in a million odds of getting it), over the last few years at least three deer hunters have died of it. There is no proof either way whether they contracted the disease from CWD-infected venison, but new research says it is possible.


All three varieties--mad cow, mad elk and CJD--belong to a family of diseases called transmissible spongiform encephalopathy. These diseases alter the conformation of proteins in the brain called prions; after-death brain samples usually show a series of microscopic holes in and around brain cells.


No one is exactly sure how mad elk disease spreads. At first, transmittal through blood seemed likely, as from mother to fawn. But CWD has moved between adult animals at game farms, leading scientists to conclude that it can be spread through saliva or simple contact. Also, the rates of transmission are higher in areas where animals have the most opportunities for contact. Wisconsin's concentrated population of 1.7 million deer interact freely with each other, and scientific modeling suggests CWD could tear through our deer herd devastatingly fast. Despite the danger, Wisconsin and other states are relying on only sporadic testing and a system of voluntary compliance. It's a system that some say has more holes in it than a CWD-infected brain.


At present, Wisconsin game farm owners, even those harboring elk and deer brought in from farms with known cases of CWD, do not have to call a veterinarian if a deer or elk suddenly dies or acts strange. They're also not required to inform the state Department of Natural Resources (DNR) or the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (DATCP) if animals escape into the wild.


"The lax attitude is pretty shocking," says John Stauber, a Madison activist and co-author of Mad Cow U.S.A. To protect people and deer, Stauber argues for an immediate importation ban for game farms, plus programs of testing and surveillance. He suggests both DATCP and DNR aren't taking such measures because, as the regulators in charge, they don't want to find the CWD he thinks is likely already in state. "It's in their bureaucratic interest to not [actively] look for CWD in the game farms," says Stauber. "Because if they find it, who's to blame?"


In the wild and especially out west, chronic wasting disease is spreading fast. Northeastern Colorado documented its first case in 1981. By the mid-1990s, samplings of mule deer brains showed 3% to 4% testing positive for CWD. Within a few years, the rate was 8%, and now Larimer County, the center of the endemic area, has a 15% rate of infection among mule deer. It's also being found in deer and elk in Wyoming.


"Fifteen percent of a wild population of animals with this disease is staggering," says Dr. Thomas Pringle, who tracks CWD-type diseases for the Sperling Biomedical Foundation in Eugene, Ore. "It's basically unheard of. This appears to be an unusually virulent strain. with highly efficient horizontal transmission mechanisms."


CWD could eventually spread to Wisconsin on its own, animal to animal. But that would take decades. Game farms, though, provide a mechanism to cut through all that time and distance and drop CWD smack in the middle of the state.


An open-records search by Isthmus reveals that the first shipment of farm elk from areas with CWD in the wild occurred in 1992, with 66 Colorado elk going to a game farm in Plymouth. In April 1998, DATCP was informed that a Bloomer game farm had purchased one elk from a Nebraska farm later found to be CWD-infected. This prompted a Sept. 15, 1998, memo from Steven Miller, head of the DNR's Lands Division, to Secretary George Meyer, with copies to DATCP chief Ben Brancel and Gov. Tommy Thompson. In it, Miller recommends that Wisconsin follow the lead of Montana (which found CWD on two game farms) and place "a moratorium on the importation of all game farm animals.... At present it appears the only way to help assure the disease does not spread into Wisconsin."


But the moratorium was never put in place, so it's possible that even more elk potentially carrying CWD are now in state.


Instead of a moratorium, Wisconsin has opted for testing. It is among 12 states and two Canadian provinces that currently test deer for CWD. Last year, the Wisconsin DNR began testing road- and hunter-killed deer in 1999 within a five-mile radius of game farms that have brought in elk from CWD-infected areas. Test areas include all or part of Fond du Lac, Dodge, Jefferson, Sheboygan and Washington counties. All of the approximately 250 brains examined in 1999 came back negative; this year, 500 to 600 deer will be tested.


Meanwhile, DATCP is asking owners of game farms that have animals from herds known to have cases of CWD infection to voluntarily enter a surveillance program. The agency's top veterinarian, Dr. Clarence Siroky, argues that voluntary compliance makes more sense than a moratorium because, ban or no ban, game farm operators "are going to find a way to bring these animals into the state. We don't have police patrols and impregnable borders to keep anything in or out."


With voluntary compliance, Siroky says, at least there are records of animals entering the state. So if CWD or other diseases are discovered, the animals can be traced back to their original herds and other farms they may have been at. "It's better to know where the animals are coming in from," he insists.


Siroky may be right that an importation ban would result in some game farms smuggling in animals. But currently, game farmers can bring in any deer or elk, even those from known CWD-infected areas, so long as they can produce a health certificate showing the animal's been tested. The problem is that no test exists to find CWD in live animals. Animals can carry CWD for years and still look healthy, so some of the 370 elk shipped into Wisconsin between 1996 and 1999 from CWD areas could have the disease. The odds are even higher for animals purchased from farms later found to have CWD.


Wisconsin has approximately 100 deer or elk farms and they're big business. On the Internet, prices for elk calves start at $1,500, and breeding bulls go for up to $20,000. Some farms sell venison and the velvet that peels from new elk antlers (considered an aphrodisiac in Asia). Others offer "hunts" costing between $1,000 and $5,000 for trophy deer, to more than $10,000 for bull elk with massive antlers.


Given these economics, it's reasonable to question why anyone with a suspicion of CWD in his or her herd would call in state regulators or a vet. A farm with a proven CWD case, confirms Dr. Robert Ehlenfeldt, DATCP's director of Animal Disease Control, would be shut down indefinitely.


And if a problem develops on a Wisconsin game farm, there's no guarantee that's where it will stay. Dr. Hurley says even fenced-in animals have easy nose-to-nose contact with wild and other farmed animals. Besides, as the DNR's chief of special operations Thomas Solin has documented, many game farms are not secure. Gates are sometimes left open. Fences rust and break, rot and topple, get crushed by fallen trees. Even if game farm animals don't escape, such breaches allow wild deer to get in, mingle with the farmed deer and elk, then leave.


Unlike other diseases, there's no test for CWD in living animals because it doesn't create an immune system counter-response, detectable through blood analysis. You can't kill CWD and related diseases by cooking the meat. One test Stauber recounts in Mad Cow U.S.A. found that scrapie, a sheep form of CWD, stayed viable after a full hour at 680 degrees Fahrenheit. Most disinfectants don't kill these diseases, either, and they can exist in the soil for years.


And while diseases like mad cow and mad elk do have some trouble jumping from species to species, it can happen. This May, Byron Caughey of the National Institutes of Health announced that he had converted human brain materials with mad-elk-contaminated brain matter at rates roughly equal to the transfer between mad cow and humans.


Says Dr. Pringle, referring to Caughey's work, "CWD may not transmit that easily, but the rate isn't zero." Pringle notes that the test Caughey used has been a very reliable proxy in the past in determining transmission possibilities for other diseases, including mad cow.


Once they jump the species barrier, transmissible spongiform encephalopathy diseases adapt to fit the new host and are then passed on rather easily within that species. Unfortunately, says Pringle, no one is trying to determine if CWD has jumped into people as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Making matters more difficult is the fact that the disease can incubate for decades before symptoms are seen.


In states with CWD-infected deer, thousands of people have undoubtedly been exposed to CWD-infected venison. A February 1998 Denver Post article tells of one hunter who's venison tested positive for CWD. By the time he was notified, his meat had already been ground up and mixed with meat from hundreds of other deer for venison sausage.


With AIDS, Pringle notes, there was a definite overreaction, with people initially afraid to even shake hands with people infected with the virus. Looking at the CWD situation in Colorado, he says there's been complete underreaction. "It's like, oh, what the hell. Nobody's died yet--so keep eating the venison!'" Pringle worries that if the disease is found in humans, it will be so only after years of spreading through the human community.


Looking over documents obtained by Isthmus through its open-records request, Stauber says DATCP is behaving more like a lobbyist for the game farm industry than an agency bent on protecting Wisconsin's people from CWD. He points to DATCP's Cervidae Advisory Committee as a prime example. In a Nov. 11, 1998, memo from Siroky to DATCP secretary Ben Brancel, Siroky notes that the committee is needed to "obtain information from the public concerning disease regulation" of farmed deer and elk, and "to help formulate action plans for importation requirements, prevention and control" of CWD. But of the 12 people Siroky nominates, one's a DNR warden, one's a DATCP employee, and the other 10 are game farm owners. And two of these owners were among those DATCP knew had purchased elk from farms at high risk of having CWD.


"There's no significant input from anyone else," says Stauber. "Farmers, deer hunters and consumers are all left out. Meanwhile, the government's failing to take all necessary precautions to alert the public to this potential health threat."



Friday, February 03, 2012


Wisconsin Farm-Raised Deer Farms and CWD there from 2012 report Singeltary et al





Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy TSE PRION update January 2, 2014


*** chronic wasting disease, there was no absolute barrier to conversion of the human prion protein.


*** Furthermore, the form of human PrPres produced in this in vitro assay when seeded with CWD, resembles that found in the most common human prion disease, namely sCJD of the MM1 subtype.




*** The potential impact of prion diseases on human health was greatly magnified by the recognition that interspecies transfer of BSE to humans by beef ingestion resulted in vCJD. While changes in animal feed constituents and slaughter practices appear to have curtailed vCJD, there is concern that CWD of free-ranging deer and elk in the U.S. might also cross the species barrier. Thus, consuming venison could be a source of human prion disease. Whether BSE and CWD represent interspecies scrapie transfer or are newly arisen prion diseases is unknown. Therefore, the possibility of transmission of prion disease through other food animals cannot be ruled out. There is evidence that vCJD can be transmitted through blood transfusion. There is likely a pool of unknown size of asymptomatic individuals infected with vCJD, and there may be asymptomatic individuals infected with the CWD equivalent. These circumstances represent a potential threat to blood, blood products, and plasma supplies.



Thursday, January 2, 2014


*** CWD TSE Prion in cervids to hTGmice, Heidenhain Variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease MM1 genotype, and iatrogenic CJD ??? ***



Wednesday, January 01, 2014


APHIS-2006-0118-0100 Chronic Wasting Disease Herd Certification Program and Interstate Movement of Farmed or Captive Deer, Elk, and Moose




p.s. update today...iatrogenic TSE, can’t say I did not tell them, course, that does not change the ignorance of it all. ...somehow I failed getting them the word that meant something to arouse awareness. ...tss


Wednesday, January 15, 2014





Thursday, October 03, 2013


TAHC ADOPTS CWD RULE THAT the amendments REMOVE the requirement for a specific fence height for captives


Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) ANNOUNCEMENT October 3, 2013




Tuesday, February 04, 2014


Indiana Hunting preserves Sen. Carlin Yoder Senate Bill 404 and Rep. William Friend House Bill 1154 DEAD IN THE WATER ?



Saturday, June 29, 2013





Monday, June 24, 2013


The Effects of Chronic Wasting Disease on the Pennsylvania Cervid Industry Following its Discovery



Tuesday, June 11, 2013


CWD GONE WILD, More cervid escapees from more shooting pens on the loose in Pennsylvania



Tuesday, May 28, 2013


Chronic Wasting Disease CWD quarantine Louisiana via CWD index herd Pennsylvania Update May 28, 2013


6 doe from Pennsylvania CWD index herd still on the loose in Louisiana, quarantine began on October 18, 2012, still ongoing, Lake Charles premises.



Wednesday, August 21, 2013






5. On July 16, 2012, DNR received a notice from the Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Lab ("Texas Vet Lab”) that a sample from an adult male deer killed at Pine Ridge tested presumptively positive for CWD. (DNR has an agreement with the Texas Vet Lab to run these preliminary tests.) Because the Texas Vet Lab found this presumptive positive result, protocols required the sample to be sent to the National Veterinary Services Laboratory ("National Lab”) in Ames, Iowa for final confirmation. On July 18, 2012, the National Lab confirmed the positive CWD result in the deer.


6. On July 19, 2012, DNR notified the Brakkes of the positive test by phone. Mr. Brakke was out of state.




12. The Brakkes depopulated the Hunting Preserve, as specified in the Agreement, from September 10, 2012 to January 31, 2013. As part of this effort, the Brakkes, the staff and their customers killed 199 captive deer and nine captive elk. The DNR obtained 170 CWD samples. (Samples were not taken from fawns and one adult female who was killed in a manner that made sampling impossible.) Of these 199 deer, two additional adult male deer tested positive for CWD. Information provided by the Brakkes confirmed that these two additional deer originated from the Brakke Breeding Facility.


13. DNR installed, with the Brakke's permission, an interior electric fence on October 1 and 2, 2012.


14. The Brakkes cleaned and disinfected, under DNR supervision, the feeders and ground surrounding the feeders on April 5, 2013.


15. On April 26, 2013, the Brakkes hand-delivered a notice to the DNR’s Chief of Law Enforcement Bureau, notifying the DNR that they would no longer operate a hunting preserve on the Quarantined Premises. The Brakkes did not reveal any plans to remove the fence around the Quarantined Premises or to remove the gates to and from the Quarantined Premises in this April 26, 2013 letter.


16. On June 3, 2013, DNR became aware that sections of the exterior fence surrounding the Quarantined Premises had been removed and that some, if not all, of the exterior gates to and from the Quarantined Premises were open.


17. On June 4, 2013, DNR received reports from the public in the area that four wild deer were observed inside the Quarantined Premises.


18. On June 5, 2013, DNR conducted a fence inspection, after gaining approval from surrounding landowners, and confirmed that the fenced had been cut or removed in at least four separate locations; that the fence had degraded and was failing to maintain the enclosure around the Quarantined Premises in at least one area; that at least three gates had been opened; and that deer tracks were visible in and around one of the open areas in the sand on both sides of the fence, evidencing movement of deer into the Quarantined Premises.






Wednesday, August 21, 2013





Wednesday, September 04, 2013


*** cwd - cervid captive livestock escapes, loose and on the run in the wild



 Tuesday, February 11, 2014


Wisconsin tracks 81 deer from game farm with CWD buck to seven other states




Saturday, February 22, 2014


*** New chronic wasting disease rules enhance risks professor John Fischer of the University of Georgia told the 37th meeting of the Southeast Deer Study Group






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